When a group of shareholders wishes to sell its shares to a majority of the shares, minority shareholders should have the right to meet – that is, to include their shares in an outside sale. After an agreement is reached, it is a good idea to ask a few key questions to ensure that the agreement will actually be useful. Ask yourself this: here is a closer look at the importance of a shareholder purchase agreement: if a shareholder withdraws, should he be able to compel other shareholders to buy his shares? If he is expelled from the country, will he be able to keep his shares? When a shareholder (such as a founder) receives shares to make certain commitments to the company over time, certain penetration conditions must be established. For example, if a founder quits, he should lose a percentage of his shares (if he accepts a vesting at 3 years and stops after 6 months, he loses 5/6 of his shares. Perhaps the outgoing shareholder should sell part of its shares to the company (or other shareholders, on a pro-rata basis). In this case, an evaluation method should be defined (see below). (may contain details and the end of death in Article 2) Typically, a buy-back agreement determines when an owner can sell his shares in the business, which can buy an owner`s shares (for example. B if the sale of the business is limited to other shareholders or includes external third parties) and the valuation methods used to determine the price to be paid. A buyout agreement can also determine whether or not an outgoing partner should be purchased and what concrete events trigger a buyout. Other valuation factors are unpaid wages, dividends or shareholder credits. There is also an immaterial impact on valuation – if the outgoing shareholder holds an important position within the organization, this can have a negative effect on the continuity of the business. To avoid this, buyouts can be structured so that a partner cannot open a competing business within a specified time frame or in the same geographic location or cannot address former customers. A company 100% owned by a person does not need to have such an agreement.
However, once there is more than one owner, such an agreement is essential. The spirit of such an agreement will depend on the type of undertaking envisaged. For example, a retail business of three owners may have a totally different approach than a high-tech company that may have many owners.