Non-contributory old age pension (social assistance, average): aged 60 and considered in need, without financial assistance from other family members. A list of countries with which the United States currently has totalization agreements and copies of these agreements can be accessed under U.S. international social security agreements. Australia`s social security system is based on the housing and finance situation. As a general rule, social security payments are only available to Australian residents who, if assessed on the basis of needy examinations, are eligible for income assistance. Some payments are subject to minimum living conditions. For more information on retirement qualifications, visit Australian Income Support – Residence Criteria. The agreements extend the legal conditions applicable to persons who cannot receive a pension from Australia or the contracting countries because they are unable to meet the minimum conditions of residence or contribution. In addition, some countries will only pay their pensions abroad in countries where there is an agreement that provides for it. If you have any questions about international social security agreements, please contact the Office of International Social Security Programs at 410-965-3322 or 410-965-7306. However, do not call these numbers if you want to inquire about a right to an individual benefit. Under these agreements, Australia equates social security periods/stays in these countries with periods of Australian residence in order to meet minimum qualification periods for Australian pensions. In other countries, periods of Australian working life are generally counted as social security periods to meet their minimum payment periods.
Typically, each country pays a partial pension to a person who has lived in both countries. Survival pension (social security): if the deceased has benefited from a disability pension (social security), 100% of the disability pension is paid; if the deceased was employed at the time of death, 50-65% of the average monthly salary of the insured in the 24 months prior to the payment of death, depending on the number of contributions. New Zealand has bilateral social security agreements with several countries. Each agreement allows New Zealanders access to certain benefits or pensions in the event of a move to these countries and allows similar rights for people moving from those countries to New Zealand.