Omar al-Bashir overthrew the democratically elected government of Sadiq al-Mahdi in 1989 and was himself overthrown in April 2019 in the Sudanese coup that replaced him with the Transitional Military Council (TMC) after several months of street protests.  On 5 July 2019, following further protests and the Khartoum massacre, the TMC and the Alliance of Forces for Freedom and Change (FFC) agreed on 5 July 2019 on a 39-month transition process towards a return to democracy, including the creation of institutions and executive procedures, legislative and judicial.  On July 17, TMC and FFC signed a written form of agreement.  The Darfur General Coordination rejected the oral agreement of 5 July and the Sudan Revolutionary Front, the National Consensus Forces and the Sudanese Journalists Network rejected the written agreement of 17 July. On 4 August 27, 2019, the draft constitutional declaration was first signed by Ahmed Rabee for the FFC and mohamed Hamdan Dagalo (“Hemetti”), deputy head of the TMC, in the presence of mediators of the Ethiopian and African Union and formally signed by Rabee and Hemetti on 17 August in the presence of international heads of state and government.  Ulcerations and cheers sounded when representatives of the transitional government and rebel groups signed the agreement a year after peace talks began at a ceremony in Juba, the South Sudanese capital, according to an AFP reporter on the spot. The draft constitutional declaration of 4 August lists as article 7 “the achievement of a just and comprehensive peace, the end of the war by focusing on the roots of the Sudanese problem”. (1), the first point mentioned in its “mandate for the transitional period”, and contains details in Chapter 15, Articles 67 and 58 of the document.   Article 67.b) states that a peace agreement should be concluded within six months of the signing of the draft constitutional declaration. Article 67.c) obliges women to participate at all levels of the peace procedure and the implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1325, and the legal definition of women`s rights is governed by Article 67. (d) other mechanisms for the implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Process are listed in Article 67. (e) (cessation of hostilities, opening of humanitarian aid corridors, release and exchange of prisoners), 67. (f) (amnesties for political leaders and members of armed opposition movements) and 67.
(g) (reporting on crimes against humanity and war crimes and trials before national and international courts).  Article 68 lists 13 “issues essential to peace negotiations.”  France reaffirms its full support for the democratic transition underway in Sudan and is ready to assist the Sudanese authorities in facilitating the proper implementation of the peace agreements. . . .